Meet Your Super Brain: 4 Areas of the Brain and How They Work (2023)


Your body is a miracle. One of the parts that makes it so amazing is the brain, the organ that collects, stores, and processes information, as well as controls the functions of every other organ in the body.

Four areas of the brain act as a committee of experts. Each part has its specialty, but they all work together to help optimize your mind, body, and spirit.

Here is a mini-guide that will help you better understand the areas of the brain:

  • What are the areas of the brain?
  • Brain
  • Cerebellum
  • brainstem
  • Midbrain
  • 5 curious facts about areas of the brain: frequently asked questions

Your brain is like a giant supercomputersays Jim Kwik, a world-renowned brain and memory trainer. You can get an idea of ​​your operating system here.

What are the areas of the brain?

The brain has many parts. However, when it comes to areas of the brain, there are four main parts:

  • Brain
  • Cerebellum
  • brainstem
  • Midbrain

Each of them is responsible for different functions, such as thinking, memory and movement.

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The first and largest area of ​​the brain is the cerebrum. It occupies the upper part of the brain and constitutes 85% of its total volume.

This area of ​​the brain consists of an outer layer called the cerebral cortex (grey matter) and an inner layer (white matter). The cerebral cortex consists of twobrain hemispheres, each divided into four sections called lobes.

What are the lobes of the brain?

There are fourbrain lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. Here is a brief summary of these parts and functions of the brain:

  • Frontal lobe.The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is involved in daily planning and self-control. This includes emotion regulation, higher planning, and problem solving. Additionally, it helps with body movement, memory consolidation, speech production, and word comprehension.
  • Parietal lobe.The middle part of your brain, the parietal lobe, helps you identify objects and understand where you are in comparison to the objects around you. It is responsible for interpreting pain and touch in the body.
  • temporal lobe.This part of the cerebral cortex is located on the sides of the brain. The function of the left temporal lobe is to manage the processing of sight and sound, and that of the right to control visual memory and language comprehension.
  • occipital lobe.Located at the back of the brain, the occipital lobe helps decode visual information by processing received images and sending them back to the eyes. It allows you to distinguish shapes and distances between the objects you see.

Here is an illustration of this part of the brain anatomy, labeled:

Meet Your Super Brain: 4 Areas of the Brain and How They Work (1)

What does the brain do?

This area of ​​the human brain performs many functions, but the most importantdeals with thought. It also plays an important role in reasoning, learning, and feeling, both physically and emotionally.

For example, suppose you feel cold when you go out in the cold without a jacket or cry while watching a sad movie. It's your brain working.

Furthermore, the brain is also responsible for processing sensory information. Without it, you could not hear or see.


It is located below the back of the brain.cerebellum. This area of ​​the brain is called the "small brain" and it only occupies 10% of the total volume of the brain.

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It has two hemispheres, just like the cerebral cortex. The outer part contains neurons and the inner part communicates with the cerebral cortex.

What does the cerebellum do?

It is primarily responsible for the cerebellum.movement and coordination.

To understand exactly what this area of ​​the brain does, here is a simple test performed by doctors simply called the finger-to-nose test.

  • The doctor begins by placing a finger just two meters from your face.
  • You will then be asked to touch the tip of your nose with your index finger.
  • Then touch the fingertip of the doctor.
  • You would do this as quickly as possible while the doctor slowly moves his finger away from you.

This simple test shows that the cerebellum is working properly for eye-hand coordination. The doctor wants to make sure that the index fingers don't miss their point and end up on the chin or completely off the palm of the hand.


Although the cerebrum has many parts and the cerebellum has one, how many areas is the brain stem made up of? The answer is three.

This area of ​​the brain is made up of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. Together, they occupy about 4% of the total brain volume.

What does the brain stem do?

While they make up a small percentage of the brain's volume, here's what you should know about this particular brain structure and function:

  • Midbrain.This part of the brain stem is at the top. Its main function is to regulate eye movement.
  • Pons.Situated above the medulla oblongata, the pons is mostlythe part of the brain that controls breathingand sleep regulation.
  • Center.It is found in the lower part of the stem and helps control the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. In addition, this part of the brain is also responsible for various reflex actions. Every time you cough, sneeze, or vomit, your body acts on impulses sent from your core.


The diencephalon is the smallest of the four parts of the brain. It is hidden between the brain and the brainstem and is practically invisible.

What is the diencephalon responsible for?

Before sensory information can reach the brain, it must first pass through the diencephalon. As such, the main function of the diencephalon is to transmit the information obtained through the senses to the brain.

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In addition, it also helps control the endocrine and autonomic functions of the body. It works together with the cerebellum to support optimal control of motor function.

Meet Your Super Brain: 4 Areas of the Brain and How They Work (2)

5 curious facts about areas of the brain: frequently asked questions

The brain is a fascinating but complex organ of the body. It is responsible for many different functions in our body.

Therefore, it is extremely important that you are active. Here are some interesting facts that show just how powerful she is.

1. What areas of the brain are involved during sleep?

There are several brain structures that help you fall asleep. These, in my opinionNational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Cerebrovascular Accidents, light:

  • hypothalamus
  • brainstem
  • Hill
  • the cerebral cortex
  • pineal gland
  • prosencephalon basal
  • Almond

Together they help you fall asleep and keep you awake. Additionally, they help with arousal by sensing light exposure and signaling the body to wake up.

2. What areas of the brain are involved in vision?

Most visual functions are controlled primarily by the occipital lobe. Specifically, the visual cortex, which is an area of ​​the cerebral cortex located in the occipital lobe.

When you see something, the visual signal travels from the eyes through the thalamus and then to the visual cortex. Your occipital lobe processes this information and sends it to your eyes, allowing you to understand what you're looking at.

3. What areas of the brain regulate breathing and heart rate?

The function of breathing and heart rate goes to the brain stem. It acts as a transmitter between the brain and other parts of the body.

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Its three parts work together to help you process information, move, and function. It regulates bodily functions that are usually automatic, such as blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and swallowing.

4. What areas of the brain are responsible for memory?

Memory plays a fundamental role in life. Several areas of the brain are involved:

  • Almond:Create a memory and regulate the emotional response to that memory.
  • Hippocampus:memory processing and where new memories are encoded
  • Cerebellum:process procedural memories
  • prefrontal cortex:process and store information

They work together to allow you to reflect on the past. Through these experiences, these parts of the brain make sure that it stays in the past or is used as a learning tool so that you can act and be better.

5. What areas of the brain are involved in speaking?

The frontal and temporal lobes are the areas of the brain primarily responsible for producing and understanding speech.

Science specifically points to an area in the front of the left hemisphere of the brain, calledAlrededores de Broki. It is named after the French surgeon Paul Broca, who discovered in 1861 that this area plays a key role in turning ideas and thoughts into spoken words.

Meet Your Super Brain: 4 Areas of the Brain and How They Work (3)

Unleash your super brain

Understanding the areas of the brain and how they work is the first step in understanding how to optimize your mental well-being. As Jim Kwik says:We need to understand how our mind works in order to work better."

Coincidentally, the memory and brain trainer is also a Mindvalley trainer.super move A mission in which you will be able to master the process of unleashing superhuman memory, concentration and learning speed. Like Jim, world-class professionals, entrepreneurs,IHollywood stars (Hint: X-Men).

When you unlock free access to Mindvalley, you'll have access to sample classes for each task (incl.super move), as well as a library of guided meditations that you can listen to whenever you want. That is why we are improving every day.

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